Paternalist Populism and Illiberal Elitism in Central Europe, Zsolt Enyedi

Research Papers & Analysis


Through the analysis of the ideology of two Hungarian parties typically considered as populist, this paper investigates how elitism can be integrated into an overall populist appeal. The two parties, Fidesz and Jobbik, are shown to offer two different formulae to the challenges that affect many authoritarian populist movements, but they both exhibit features of paternalist populism and illiberal elitism. With regard to Jobbik, the paper uncovers the existence of three distinct ideologies: right-wing populist; ultra-nationalist; and traditionalist and ‘meta-nationalist.’ The paper directs attention to the layered nature of partisan ideological discourses.

Published on May 19, 2015, Center for Transatlantic Relations, John Hopkins University, School of Advanced International Studies, http://transatlanticrelations.org/sites/default/files/Zsolt%20CTR.pdf